The International Telecommunication Union
The International Telecommunication Union, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, is an international organisation within which governments and the private sector coordinate global telecom networks and services. It is an agency of the United Nations.
It can be considered to be an assembly of representatives from governments. Further details may be obtained from the ITU web page
Through its various conferences and activities, the ITU produces the International Radio Regulations. This document is constantly evolving through the continuing work of ITU conferences.
The Amateur Service is listed in these regulations with a definition of the Amateur Service and in Article 25 which covers aspects setting the activities of radio amateurs.
The definition for the Amateur Service reads:
"A radiocommunication service for the purpose of self-training, intercommunication and technical investigations carried out by amateurs, that is, by duly authorized persons interested in radio technique solely with a personal aim and without pecuniary interest."
This definition applies in New Zealand.
New Zealand is a member of the ITU and the Ministry of Economic Development (MED), Radio Spectrum Management Group (RSM), attends to ITU matters for the New Zealand government.
The New Zealand Administration is the Ministry of Economic Development (MED), Radio Spectrum Management Group (RSM). The MED web page with spectrum management detail is at: http://www.med.govt.nz/rsm
(The Ministry changed its name from the Ministry of Commerce to the Ministry of Economic Development in February 2000. Until the mid-1980s the New Zealand Administration was the New Zealand Post Office, then changing to the Ministry of Commerce and to the Radio Frequency Service. You may still find these obsolete names in some documents.)
For regulatory purposes, the International Radio Regulations divide the world into three Regions.
Region 1 covers Europe, the "old USSR" areas, and all of Africa,
Region 2 is North and South America.
Region 3 is the rest of the world, including New Zealand.
The radio frequency allocations can differ between the three regions - but that does not concern your studies for this amateur radio examination.